Упражнение 13 Unit
ГДЗ Enjoy English 11 класс - ответы
• What contrasts can you see in the economic situation in the Siberian region?
• Name some of the strengths of the region.
• Name some of the weaknesses of the region.
• What kind of problem does the present day situation of the economy cause?
• What measures could possibly solve this problem?
Siberia is extremely rich in its natural resources. It has the world’s largest deposits of nickel, silver, zink, lead and other minerals. Siberia possesses oil and vast supplies of natural gas. Some resources have been used for decades while others were found quite recently (e.g. the Kovyktinsk natural gas fields near Irkutsk and the Chayadinsk gas fields in the Sakha Republic). Geologists believe that there are a lot more resources to be found and developed, especially in the Far East region, in Sakhalin and Kamchatka. But an adequate labour force and new technologies are needed to access and use the resources more efficiently.
In spite of very cold winters, Southern Siberia provides good conditions for agriculture. In spring and summer this region has lots of sunshine, it’s warm, and the soil is very fertile (chernozem soil). Wheat, rye, potatoes and other vegetables can easily grow in this region. Tropical fruits like oranges and bananas can be cultivated in greenhouses, where they grow and ripen quickly and happily. Raising cattle, another profitable business, is quite possible too.
The southern part of Siberia boasts vast forests where valuable timber is produced. However the forests are a slowly-renewable resource and should be managed very carefully. The great Siberian rivers, like the Yenisei, Lena, Angara and others, and the largest freshwater lake Baikal make the region a unique place for fishery.
Siberia has a multicultural and diverse population which represents many different lifestyles and practises various religions. Most people live along the Trans-Siberian Railway. The largest cities are Novosibirsk, Krasnoyarsk, and Irkutsk and have populations that range from one to two million people. However, in general, the population density of Siberia is very low — it’s about six people per one square kilometre in Western Siberia, two people per one square kilometre in Eastern Siberia, and only one person per one square kilometre in the Far East. In China it’s about 135 people per square kilometre, and in Japan and Korea, correspondingly, it’s 337 and 465 people per one square kilometre. But the natural resources of those countries in Asia do not meet the demands of their rapidly developing economies.
Siberia has got high tech educational, medical and scientific centres in Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, Barnaul and other big cities. Teams of brilliant scientists work in Acamemgorodok in Novosibirsk, which is sometimes called The Silicon Valley of Russia. Nowadays, more than a hundred advanced computer and software companies work there. Leading foreign companies, such as Microsoft, Intel and Hewlett-Packard, have offices there too. The Siberian «brains» are able to send their development of high tech enterprises across the whole of Russia.
In small towns people’s everyday lives can differ a lot from those in main industrial cities. Heating systems often don’t meet the requirements of the harsh climate, and not everyone enjoys conveniences like running water, warm showers or baths in the house. Sometimes electricity and gas can be inaccessible too. These towns can also be difficult to reach due to undeveloped transport and communication systems.
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