Упражнение 3 Unit 1 Урок 1415
ГДЗ Happy English Кауфман 11 класс - ответы
1. Oxford is
a) older than Cambridge.
b) the oldest university in Europe.
c) the oldest university in the world.
2. Cambridge was founded
a) by King Henry II.
b) by Oxford scholars.
c) by Queen Elizabeth I.
3. Oxford and Cambridge universities
a) are equally good.
b) compete with each other.
c) were both founded in 1167.
4. "The other place" is the expression used
a) in Oxford to refer to Cambridge University.
b) in Cambridge to refer to Oxford University.
c) in England to refer to Paris University.
5. "Cambridge sent a challenge to Oxford" means
a) Cambridge offered Oxford accommodation.
b) Cambridge invited Oxford to a competition.
c) Cambridge scholars said they received better education.
Oxford and Cambridge Universities
The University of Oxford and the University of Cambridge are the two oldest universities in Britain, and popular tourist destinations. However, nobody will be able to show a tourist the building of Oxford or Cambridge University. Both universities are just a name for two large groups of colleges situated in the cities of Oxford and Cambridge.
Oxford is about forty years older than Cambridge. There is no exact foundation date, but the university is believed to have been founded around 1167. King Henry II, got fed up with English students going to Paris to be educated, and so the first English university was created. Cambridge was founded around 1209 by Oxford scholars after a bitter disagreement with local townsmen.
Oxford is uniquely beautiful. Its ancient buildings of honey-coloured stone are world-famous. Among these are Christ Church, which has been a site of religious worship since the seventh century, Tom Tower, built by Sir Christopher Wren, the Bridge of Sighs which makes everybody who sees it sigh, and many others. The heart of the university is perhaps the great Tudor dining hall at Christ Church College, where Charles I held sessions of parliament during the English Civil war, Elizabeth I watched a play, and Lewis Carroll thought over his ideas for Alice in Wonderland. This hall is the setting for some of the scenes in the Harry Potter films.
Oxford and Cambridge, informally called Oxbridge, are considered to be equally good. They both take pride in a large number of the world's most prominent scientists, writers, politicians and British prime ministers, who used to study there. However, there has always been a kind of friendly competition between the two universities, who usually refer to each other as "the other place". The ultimate outcome of this competition is the Oxford and Cambridge boat race.
The idea came to two friends, who happened to be students at Oxford and Cambridge respectively. On 12 March 1829 Cambridge sent a challenge to Oxford, and the tradition was born, and has continued to the present day. This legendary boat race is considered the world's oldest sporting challenge, where every year the loser of the previous year's race challenges the opposition to a re-match.
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