Упражнение 6 Unit 3 Урок 456
ГДЗ Happy English Кауфман 11 класс - ответы
Look at the tag on your jeans and you are likely to see that they were not made in the country where you are now. They were probably made in Vietnam of cotton produced in China and then a Spanish ship took them to different ports all over the world, so now they are being worn by people in Africa, Russia, France, etc.
Read about the latest American blockbuster on the Internet, then go and watch it at your local cinema in your language, and then spend the evening discussing it with your peers all over the world.
These are just a few examples of a phenomenon called globalisation.
Borders are disappearing, businesses are going global, countries and people are becoming more and more interconnected and interdependent. It is not unusual for members of a family to live in different countries and regularly meet for family occasions. Nobody is surprised nowadays when their neighbour works in another city or even another country and gets home in time for dinner.
On 1 November 1993, twenty seven European countries established the European Union (EU) and made the free movement of people, goods, services and money possible in huge areas of Europe. Thus a lot of countries with different political systems and historical backgrounds became united under the European Parliament with its headquarters in Strasbourg. Later these countries adopted common laws and policies, and some even introduced a common currency, the euro.
Some argue that similar things happened in the past and give numerous examples. Think of European colonisation of the Americas with its exchange of plants, animals, foods, tools and human population between the Old and the New Worlds.
However, at that time international exchange was much more difficult as long distances made it slow and inefficient. The great inventions of the twentieth century solved these problems. International travel became easy: any part of this planet is within hours by plane. Communication is instant: people can phone, exchange e-mails and even participate in international meetings through video conferences without leaving their place of work.
Information and knowledge is shared, tested and discussed. Innovations successfully used by one country quickly become available everywhere. Mistakes made in one field are analysed and avoided in another. Greater access to modern technologies in the world ot health care often makes the difference between life and death. People travel the world and get to know each other. They receive a better education and open their minds to new concepts.
People understand that we live in a small world and global problems can only be solved by working together. Non-governmental international organisations unite people from different countries to deal with global problems (climate change, air and water pollution, energy use or child labour regulations . Examples of such organisations are "Doctors without Borders", "Greenpeace", "The Red Cross" and many others.
• Wealthier countries help developing countries and people there get educational, medical and financial help which they didn't have before.
• Cooperation between governments is more efficient and problems are solved faster and more successfully.
• Money is transferred with a click of a mouse, which improves investment opportunities worldwide.
• Scientists from different countries combine their efforts and achieve better results.
• There are more public information sources: online libraries, books, films, media.
• There is a universal means of communication: knowledge of English is becoming a must.
• Cultural diversity and individuality is disappearing. A lot of countries are already using English instead of their national language.
• The world economy, and even politics, is getting more and more controlled by multinational corporations.
• Local businesses are finding it hard to compete with global ones, and have to close down. Places of work are taken away from small towns and villages.
• Countries all over the world are getting more and more westernised.
• There may be a greater chance of disease spreading worldwide. For example, measles is known to have killed thousands of Indians when Europeans arrived on the American continent.
As you can see, the debate about the positive and negative aspects of globalisation will not be over soon, as both sides have their arguments.
Whatever your position is, globalisation is a process that is already happening. It has created the need for global thinking. New generations will have to deal with problems unheard of in the past. In the interconnected world people will not only have to understand their own country, speak its language and know its laws, but also understand nations, cultures, languages, and religions around the globe. Tolerance will become one of the key values of society, where people will learn to understand and respect each other's differences.
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