Упражнение 6 Unit 2 Lesson 34
ГДЗ Happy English Кауфман 11 класс
Рабочая тетрадь - ответы
1. ВС is usually used next to a year. FALSE
2. BA is a university degree. TRUE
3. MA is a higher title than BA. TRUE
4. EEC is the European Economic Community. TRUE
5. UNO stands for You Know All. FALSE
6. Etc stands for and so on. FALSE
7. Most of English abbreviations are derived from Latin. TRUE
8. Mon means May. FALSE
9. VAT means Value Added Tax. TRUE
10. PS means that there is an extra note after the letter. TRUE
Are you ever puzzled by abbreviations and acronyms in English? Well, here are some of the most common ones together with their explanations, to help you understand this strange form of English!
The days of the week and the months of the year are sometimes abbreviated, so you will find Mon / Tues / Wed / Thurs / Fri / Sat / Sun and Jan / Feb / Mar / Apr / May / Jun / Jul / Aug / Sept / Oct / Nov / Dec. When the year is mentioned you may notice AD or ВС is used. AD stands for Anno Domini, meaning in the year of the Lord, so that this year is AD 2000. ВС means Before Christ, so we can say, for example, that Julius Caesar was born in 101 ВС.
The courtesy titles that come in front of people's names are usually abbreviated forms of longer words. Mr stands for Mister, a weakened form of Master, and Mrs is short for Mistress, meaning a married woman. However, Miss, meaning a single woman, and also deriving from Mistress, is not abbreviated at all.
Nowadays it has been suggested that a woman's marital status should not be indicated by her name, and the form Ms has been put forward to mean both Miss and Mrs, so it could be said to be short for them both! If you see Dr in front of a person's name, it means that the person is a Doctor — either an academic or a medical one. Rev is short for Reverend and if a man has that title, it means that he is a clergyman. The letters Esq. stand for Esquire, a polite form of address which may be used after a man's name instead of putting Mr in front of it. Letters of address which may be used indicating university degrees always come after a person's name: BA or BSc (Bachelor of Arts or Science), MA or MSc (Master of Arts or Science) and PhD (Doctor of Philosophy).
Names of countries and organisations are sometimes abbreviated: UK stands for the United Kingdom, GB for Great Britain, USA for the United States of America. The BBC is the British Broadcasting Corporation, the EEC is the European Economic Community or the Common Market, and the UNO is the United Nations.
Etc, from et cetera, means the rest, and so on.
Some abbreviations used in business and correspondence are the following: Co., Ltd, no., per cent, p.a., COD, CBD and VAT, ASAP meaning Company, Limited, number, in every hundred (from the Latin per centum), every year (from the Latin per annum), Cash On Delivery, Cash Before Delivery, Value Added Tax (a form of tax on purchased goods and services) ASAP means As Soon As Possible. PTO at the bottom of a page means Please Turn Over, PS at the end of a letter means a note added afterwards (from the Latin post scriptum), whilst RSVP means please reply. And IOU means what it says — I owe you!
There are some frequently used expressions in English which are derived from Latin — although many English people are not aware of their origins! E.g., from exempli gratia, means for example, i.e., from id est, means that is.
Perhaps one of the best-known abbreviated forms in English is OK, but no one knows exactly how it was derived, though a long-established suggestion is that some semi-literate warehouseman in the past marked his boxes and bales OK, in the mistaken belief that all correct was spelt ol korrect. Anyway today it is an abbreviation without a full form!
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