Упражнение 47 Unit 1
ГДЗ English Михеева 10 класс - ответы
I. “From today painting is dead!” declared the French painter Paul Delaroche in 1839, the year a process for making photographic images was discovered. Delaroche voiced the expectations of many: that the camera’s ability to capture in an instant every detail of the real world would spell the end of painting and drawing, and that photography was the art of the future. At the same time the opposing camp claimed that photography was a science, not an art — a mechanical process that could never compete with the sensitive hand of the painter in feeling or expression.
II. Since 1839 photography has become part of our life, it is widely used in science, medicine, anthropology, geography, journalism, advertising — but its close relationship with art has continued.
In the early 20th century the famous American photographer Alfred Stieglitz (1864—1946) put forward the idea of “pure” photography with aesthetic value beyond its descriptive or utilitarian function. This modernist view influenced a generation of photographers. While many Americans found inspiration in nature, in Europe photography celebrated the rhythm and speed of modern society, the dynamism of the machine age.
At the same time a certain group of photographers found the unexpected in the commonplace. For example, a plant seen close up looks machine-made, and a street scene from above becomes an almost abstract pattem: ordinary things are transformed by a point of view.
Many photographers now regarded as great masters would never have thought of themselves as artists at all. Their aim was to document the life they saw around them. Recording the lives of common people, they created powerful and dignified images that spoke about the problems of the society they lived in, about human suffering and hope.
In the second half of the 20th century photography and art became more closely connected. Pop artists like Andy Warhol (1928—87) often used photographic images and concepts in their work.
In recent years, many photographers have turned their attention from the world “out there” to express themselves by staging their own events, constructing their own images for the camera, inviting us to the private world of their imagination.
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