Упражнение 9 Unit 1
ГДЗ English Михеева 11 класс - ответы
a) This composer belonged to the nobility.
b) This composer didn’t have brothers or sisters.
c) This composer used to study legal systems of different countries before becoming a composer.
d) This composer was born into a wealthy family with a strong military background.
e) This composer wrote music that helped people to struggle and survive.
f) This composer spent the last years of his life in Germany.
g) This composer didn’t like to spend his time with those who wrote music.
1. Glinka was the first Russian composer to gain wide recognition outside his country, and is often regarded as the father of Russian music. Glinka was the son of a wealthy merchant. He spent much of his youth being schooled in many countries across Europe where he soaked up the culture of the more artistically advanced European countries. His education in music theory was minimal and he chose instead to associate himself with the poets and artists of the time instead of fellow composers. During this period there was little to no Russian national music. Instead the aristocracy imported their music from the major musical countries such as Germany, France and Italy.
2. Nikolay Rimsky-Korsakov was a Russian composer and teacher of classical music. His most famous composition is The Flight of the Bumblebee. Born in Tikhvin, near Novgorod, to an aristocratic family, Nikolay showed musical ability from an early age, but studied at the Russian Imperial Naval College in Saint Petersburg and then joined the Russian Navy. In 1871, despite being largely self-taught, Rimsky-Korsakov became professor of composition and orchestration at the Saint Petersburg Conservatoire.
3. Sergei Prokofiev was a Russian composer who mastered numerous musical genres and came to be admired as one of the greatest composers of the 20th century. He was born in the village of Krasnoe in Donetsk Oblast, Ukraine. He was an only child. His mother was a pianist and his first music teacher. By the age of nine he had composed his first opera. His other compositions got praise for their originality. For some time he lived abroad — the USA, France, Germany. In 1934 he moved back to the Soviet Union.
4. Alfred Schnittke was a Russian and Soviet composer. He was born in the city of Engels on the Volga. He began his musical education in 1946 in Vienna where his father, a journalist and translator, had been posted. Schnittke’s early music shows the strong influence of Dmitry Shostakovich. Then he moved on to a new style which has been called “polystylism”, where music of different styles is mixed. The composer once wrote: “The goal of my life is to unify serious music and light music, even if I break my neck in doing so.” In 1990, Schnittke left Russia and settled in Hamburg. His health was poor, and he suffered several strokes before his death on August 3, 1998 in Hamburg.
5. Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky was born to a middle-class family in Votkinsk, Russia in 1840. Like Schumann, a composer who had a strong influence on him, Tchaikovsky dutifully studied law before following his true calling by entering the St. Petersburg Conservatoire where he studied from 1863 to 1865. Among his teachers was Anton Rubinstein with whom he studied composition. One of the greatest composers ever lived, he wrote music ultimately deeply Russian. As Stravinsky wrote, his “music is quite as Russian as Pushkin’s verse or Glinka’s song.”
6. Dmitry Shostakovich was born on September 25, 1906 in St. Petersburg, Russia. He stood out as a musical prodigy after taking piano lessons at the age of nine. In 1919, he enrolled in classes at the Petrograd Conservatoire. After finishing school, he started working as a concert pianist for money, but also wrote compositions. His 5th Symphony was a great success and remains one of his most liked works. In 1941, Shostakovich began working 011 his 7th Symphony and continued, even after the great Patriotic War with Germany broke out. The symphony proved to be popular and inspiring to the Russian people. It depicted heroic fighting against aggression and became a symbol of Russian resistance to Germany.
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