Упражнение 9 Unit 2 рабочей тетради
ГДЗ English Михеева 8 класс - ответы
a) For example, the six different pronunciations of show a difference between spelling and pronunciation, as in bough, cough, thorough, thought, through, and rough. The spellings go back to a time when gh stood for a sound that people pronounced.
b) Now, let’s look at it carefully. The spelling of many English words differs much from their pronunciation. First, spelling changes are much slower than changes in the sound system. For example, the k in knife and the gh in right are relics of the Middle English period (from about 1100 to about 1500) , when people pronounced them as individual sounds. Second, some important spelling rules from other languages are still working in English.
c) Both native English speakers and non-native speakers think that the spelling of English is one of its most difficult characteristics. The English spelling system doesn’t correspond to its phonetic system. In other words, there is no correspondence between sounds and letters in English, as there is in Spanish and some other languages. Instead, English spelling shows the historical development of the language. The same combination of letters can stand for different pronunciations. And different combinations of letters can stand for the same pronunciation.
d) Another example is the numerous different spellings of the sh sound, as for example in anxious, fission, fuchsia, and ocean.
e) Finally, we can say that American English developed its own spelling rules. Noah Webster tried to make words easier to spell and make American English spelling different from British English.
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