Упражнение 9 Unit 3 Секция 2
ГДЗ English Михеева 9 класс - ответы
1) The Old Stone Age (Древний каменный век);
2) The New Stone Age (Неолит);
3) The Bronze Age (Бронзовый век);
4) The Iron Age (Железный век).
(Древний каменный век: каменные инструменты, копья, лук и стрелы и простые масляные лампы.)
(Неолит: роющие палки и деревянные мотыги, улучшенные каменные инструменты, каменные топоры, горшки, ткань, корзины, здания и лодки)
(Бронзовый век: медное и бронзовое личное оружие, военные колесницы на конской тяге, пирамиды)
(Железный век: бронзовое и железное оружие, большой флот, каменные арки, купола и акведуки, водяной колодец, тяжелый плуг)
The Stone Age is the earliest period of human history when tools were made from stone. The old part of the Stone Age is called the paleolithic period. The neo/ithic period, or Iate Stone Age began around 10,000 years ago, when humans began to plant crops and keep farm animals. The Stone Age was followed by the Bronze Age, which began in some parts of the world in about 5,000 BC, but in other parts of the world Stone Age societies continued until the 19th century.
The Iron Age is the time about 3,000 years ago when iron was used for making tools, weapons, etc. It was a more developed period than the Bronze Age before it.
9 A. Read the text and answer the questions after it.
History of Technology
The history of technology begins with the use of the stone tools by the earliest humans.
The Old Stone Age, which began about 2.5 million years ago, produced stone tools, the use of fire, spears, the bow and arrow and simple oil lamps.
The New Stone Age, which began about 9,000 BC, saw early farming, the use of the digging stick and the wood hoe. The stone tools were improved and stone axes began to be used for cutting down trees. Neolithic people learned to make pots, cloth, baskets, build houses and use early boats.
The Bronze Age beginning about 4,000 BC gave birth to agricultural civilization. The use of copper and bronze led to a lot of new techniques and devices. That was the time when trade first appeared. Copper and bronze hand weapons came into use as well as horse drawn war chariots2. Building technology also developed fast during the Bronze Age. That was the time when people began building pyramids, which still impress us. While constructing pyramids Bronze Age builders solved some of the most difficult problems of construction technologies. They also knew how to irrigate their lands to get good crops.
The Iron Age, which began about 2,000 BC was a new technical era. First of all iron started to be used in making weapons. Bronze and iron weapon gave Greece its military power. The Greeks built a large fleet, which they used for trading and for fighting in their wars. Greek builders used stone to produce their noble structures with massive columns.
The skill of Roman engineers is legendary. They learned to build stone arches, domes and aqueducts. Roman engineers constructed the waterwheel to use its power. Even more important was the invention of a heavy plough. This new plough helped the civilization of northern Europe to develop.
1) What four eras in people’s history are mentioned in the text?
2) What were the most important inventions of each era?
3) Which of the things mentioned in the text were new to you?
B. Listen to the text and learn to read it aloud.
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