Упражнение 1 Unit 4 рабочей тетради
ГДЗ English Михеева 9 класс - ответы
allow, although, anyway, author, blind, bore, boredom, bottom, challenge, challenging, citizen, claim, couple, date, deaf, deed, dumb, exist, extreme, extremely, irritate, irritation, kid, likely, lousy, mad, madly, madness, note, notice, pair, pile, poor, preserve, prettily, pretty, quite, reason, reasonable, rebel, rebellion, rebellious, respect, respectable, respectful(ly), rich, riddle, seat, shake (shook, shaken), stupid, tear (tore, torn), top, unemployed, variety, various, worry, wrap to get bored, you can’t help it, sort of ,to be mad about sth, used to do sth, to be used to doing sth
1. Listen to the tape, , and mark the statements as false (F), true (T) or not stated (NS).
1) Today’s bright classrooms owe much to the influence of Maria Montessori.
2) Maria Montessori was born in Rome.
3) Maria gained her degree in medicine in 1886.
4) All Maria’s pupils learned to read and write before they were five.
5) Maria’s first children’s house in the slums of Rome was a success.
6) Maria Montessori was sure that children should learn a lot of poems by heart.
7) Teachers all over the world agree with all aspects of Maria’s method.
THE TEACHER WHO CHANGED THE FACE OF SCHOOLS
Schools in the early twentieth century were strict and not much fun, because teachers thought that children would only learn if they were forced to do so. Maria Montessori did not agree. She opened a school with bright classrooms and plenty of well-made toys and games. Because of her work, most schools are much pleasanter places than they used to be.
Maria Montessori believed that all children are eager to learn if they have the right environment. Because of her ideas, today’s schools are mainly cheerful and inviting places in which to learn.
Maria was born on 31 August 1870 in Italy. She studied medicine at the University of Rome and in 1896 she became the first woman in Italy to receive a degree in medicine. After gaining her degree she worked with children who had difficulties in learning. She became convinced that if such children were given the right surroundings and equipment, they could learn more than anyone ever expected. As a result of her findings, Maria founded a school in Rome where children with learning disabilities could study. She provided them with bright comfortable and welcoming classrooms, and encouraged them to learn at their own pace. She used colourful and attractive equipment in her school. The results were remarkable. Many children who were believed to be unteachable did learn and were given a chance to grow up to have independent lives.
Maria Montessori realised that if her methods worked for children with learning disabilities, the results might be even more dramatic with children who did not have such problems. To find out she set up a Children’s House in the slums of Rome. To everyone’s surprise the unruly slum children liked the House, they enjoyed being there. They were soon transformed into well-behaved and obedient pupils who were eager to learn. After the success of her first Children’s House, Maria Montessori went on to set up schools based on her methods throughout Italy and in many other countries. She also set up a network of training schools to teach her educational ideas to teachers and explain her methods.
Maria Montessori died in 1952 at the age of eighty-two. Although not everyone agrees with all aspects of her method, a lot of her ideas are behind the teaching methods that are used in all types of schools today.
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